Service Provision under IDEA

The team determines the level of service provision based upon the student’s unique learning needs. The occupational therapist selects the intervention approach. When considering services within the least restrictive environment (LRE) the team attempts to keep the student in the general educational environment with their non-disabled peers to the maximum extent possible. The IEP, therefore, does not design a curriculum, rather, the IEP designs the services that the student needs to enable them to make progress in the general curriculum, and to help them participate in school.  [A Parent's Guide to Special Education, A joint publication of the Federation for Children with Special Needs and The Massachusetts Department of Education (undated).

Read more: Service Provision under IDEA

Tips for Effective Intervention

The focus of services is on enabling effective school progress given the disability. When considering and providing intervention, remember that the occupational therapist may work with the student, teacher, parent, other team members (not just the student). They all have information to share and need input when determining a student’s occupational performance needs.

Read more: Tips for Effective Intervention

Providing Services in Inclusive Settings


Under SPED law (IDEA), OT services, whenever possible, are provided within the (LRE) natural routines and activities of the educational program


Participation in the classroom is the goal and so this natural environment should be considered the PRIMARY environment


Read more: Providing Services in Inclusive Settings

When a Student is not Eligible

What to do when a student with needs is not eligible for services


Students may be found ineligible for special education (and for related services including OT) if they do not have a qualifying disability or, if they have a qualifying disability but are making effective progress in their educational program. In addition, some students may be found eligible for special education with a qualifying disability that is limiting their ability to make effective progress, but the team may not identify OT as a necessary service in the student’s Individualized Education Program (IEP).

Read more: When a Student is not Eligible


How many schools do you cover?

one - 9.7%
two - 32.3%
three - 25.8%
four - 12.9%
five or more - 19.4%

Total votes: 31
The voting for this poll has ended on: November 17, 2013

Get Involved with

Ask an Expert

Ask our PSOT Expert a Question!